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7. Customs 2

8. Customs 3


     Pearl and blue stone are produced.  There is red sand
in the mountains. In the trees, there are camphor, acorn
(oak or another type in the beech family?), camphor
(another type?), oak (another type?), 'mochi-no-ki' (glue
) (for javelin?), mountain mulberry, and maple.  In the
bamboos, there are 'shou' (narrow bamboo), 'kan'
(another type of narrow bamboo), and 'toushi' bamboo.  
There are ginger, mandarin orange, 'sanshou' (Japanese
pepper), and 'myouga' (Zingiber Mioga), but they do not
know that they taste good.  There are monkey and black
     In their customs, when they are going to start
something or to go to somewhere, there are places for
fortune-telling by burning a bone in order to judge the
luck, good or bad.  At first, the results of the judgement
will be explained, and their words resemble those of
tortoise fortune-tellers (in China) in the manners, in
which omens can be seen from the cracks by fire in the
     In a meeting, there is no difference in the order of
positions for sitting or standing, between a father and
children, or men and women.  People love rice wine by
nature.  When they meet a nobleman, they just clap their
hands, that corresponds to 'kihai' (bowing on knees) (in
China). Longevity of the people is 100 years for some,
and 80 to 90 for some.
     As the customs, every nobleman in the country has
four or five wives, and even a man in the lower caste has
two or three wives.  The wives are not lewd, and never
feel jealous.
     There is no theft and are not many feuds.  If one
breaks the law and the charge is light, one's wives and
children will be confiscated.  If the charge is heavy, not
only one's whole household will be confiscated, but
also one's relatives', too.  There are differences in their
(social) ranks, higher or lower, but they trust each other

9. Taiwa and Itai-sotsu